# Using MatrixOP on 3D wave Hi there,

I'm trying to use a function that will apply a rotation matrix at a given angle (which I'm calling alpha) to a set of second rank tensors. I have my set of tensors saved as a 3D wave where each wave layer represents the individual tensor, therefore my wave dimensions end up being (3,3,n) where n represents the number of individual tensors I'm trying to process. I haven't had any issues doing this exact operation on individual 2D waves (3x3) but the inclusion of the extra dimension doesn't seem to jive well since I get the following error:

error: MatrixOP can't overwrite a 3D or 4D wave that also appears on the RHS of the expression

Here's the code I'm trying to use:

Function tiltTensor(tensorWave,alpha)

Wave tensorWave //3D wave containing the tensor for each resonance. Each layer represents a resonance
Variable alpha  //Tilt Angle

Duplicate/O tensorWave, tiltedTensor

Make/O/N=(3,3) rotMatAlignZ = {{cos(alpha*(Pi/180)),sin(alpha*(Pi/180)),0},{-sin(alpha*(Pi/180)),cos(alpha*(Pi/180)),0},{0,0,1}}
Make/O/N=(3,3) rotMatAlignY = {{cos(alpha*(Pi/180)),0,-sin(alpha*(Pi/180))},{0,1,0},{sin(alpha*(Pi/180)),0,cos(alpha*(Pi/180))}}
Make/O/N=(3,3) rotMatAlignX = {{1,0,0},{0,cos(alpha*(Pi/180)),sin(alpha*(Pi/180))},{0,-sin(alpha*(Pi/180)),cos(alpha*(Pi/180))}}

MatrixOP/O tiltedTensor = tiltedTensor x rotMatAlignY
End

Any suggestions on how to accomplish this?

Thanks!

The error reported is to remind you that MatrixOP does not support expressions that involve the same 3D wave on both sides of the equation.

The suggestion of @srj51 is correct but it does not stress the point that the Duplicate command is not necessary because MatrixOP  creates its own output waves.

Two minor points:

If you are going to be running this in a loop it might be useful to compute some of the trig functions once.

You can also perform rotations using quaternions (built in to MatrixOP in IP8).  You can learn more about this by executing:

`DisplayHelpTopic "MatrixOp Quaternion Data Tokens"`

A.G.